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Shimla Convention Is An Agreement

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Shimla Convention Is An Agreement

A draft convention was signed by the three countries on April 27, 1914, but China immediately rejected it. [4] [5] On 3 July 1914, a slightly revised agreement was again signed, but only by Great Britain and Tibet. The Chinese attorney, Ivan Chen, refused to sign it. [5] [6] The British and Tibetan plenipotentiaries then attached a bilateral statement stating that the convention was binding on itself and that China would be denied any privilege under the convention. [7] This agreement is ratified by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and enters into force from the date of exchange of the ratification instruments. [4] The agreement is the result of the determination of the two countries to “end the conflict and confrontation that have so far affected their relations”. He designed the steps to be taken to further normalize mutual relations and also defined the principles that should govern their future relations. [4] [3] The border between Tibet and India was negotiated in Simla between the representatives of Great Britain and Tibet in the absence of the Chinese representative. At the Simla conference, a map of the Tibet-India border was made available as an appendix to the proposed agreement. [16] [15] [a] [c] Section 5.

The governments of China and Tibet undertake not to enter into negotiations or agreements on Tibet among themselves or with any other power, except for negotiations and agreements between Great Britain and Tibet, as stipulated in the agreement of 7 September 1904 between Great Britain and Tibet and the agreement of 27 April 1906 between Great Britain and China. The Anglo-Russian Convention was abandoned in 1921 by Russia and Great Britain, but the McMahon Line was forgotten until 1935, when interest was revived by official Olaf Caroe. [24] [Unreliable source?] The India Survey published in 1937 a map showing the McMahon Line as the official border. [24] [Unreliable source?] In 1938, the British published the Simla Convention in the Treaties of Aitchison. [21] [25] A previously published volume was recalled from libraries and replaced with a volume containing the Simla Convention, accompanied by a note from the publisher, which indicates that Tibet and Great Britain, but not China, accepted the agreement as binding. [26] The replacement band has a false publication date of 1929. [21] Simla was initially rejected by the Indian government as incompatible with the 1907 Anglo-Russian Convention. The official protocol of the treaty, C.U. Aitchison A Collection of Treatys, was published with a note stating that no binding agreement had been reached in Simla. [21] As the condition set out in the agreement (agreement with China) was not met, the Tibetan government did not accept the McMahon line. [22] In February and March 1914, the Indian government opened bilateral negotiations with the Tibetans in Deli (conference participants who withdrew from the winter in Simla) in order to obtain Tibet`s agreement on the alignment proposal.

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