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British Chinese Hong Kong Agreement

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British Chinese Hong Kong Agreement

On 19 December 1984, after years of negotiations, the British and Chinese leaders signed a formal pact authorizing the colony`s turnover in 1997, in exchange for formulating a Chinese Communist government policy with a “one country, two systems”. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher called the agreement “a milestone in the life of the territory, in anglo-Chinese relations and in the history of international diplomacy.” Hu Yaobang, the general secretary of the Communist Party of China, called the signing “a day of red letters, an occasion of great joy” for one billion people in China. Faced with increased openness by the government of the People`s Republic of China and economic reforms on the continent, Margaret Thatcher, then British Prime Minister, sought the agreement of the People`s Republic of China on the continuation of the British presence on the territory. [12] In international diplomacy, Hong Kong has no identity of its own from mainland China. For example, Hong Kong does not have independent representation on the UN Security Council, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, the Group of 77 at the United Nations or the Group of 22 (G22). However, Hong Kong can participate in events organized by international organizations such as the Asian Development Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the World Health Organization and the United Nations World Tourism Organization, but as an associate member and non-member. It may also participate in trade events and agreements under the name “Hong Kong, China.” The joint overall declaration between Salina and Great Britain does not have a mechanism approved by both parties to ensure compliance. Although registered with the United Nations, the Agreement did not contain any oversight mechanisms by the United Nations. Therefore, only the signatories of the declaration have the right to address any violations of the conditions. Britain quickly re-established this unofficial part of the agreement and attacked Kowloon Walled City in 1899 to find it abandoned. They didn`t do anything with it, or the outpost, and the question of ownership of Kowloon Walled City was directly in the air. The outpost consisted of a yamen, as well as buildings that grew up in sparsely populated neighborhoods from the 1890s to the 1940s. But before Hong Kong returned, Britain and China reached an agreement to introduce “one country, two systems.” This group was a connection organ, not a power organ, where each party could send up to 20 support coworkers.

It is expected to meet at least once a year at each of the three sites (Beijing, London and Hong Kong). It was established in Hong Kong on July 1, 1988. It should also help HKSAR maintain and develop economic and cultural relations and conclude agreements on these issues with the relevant states, regions and international organisations, and could therefore create specific sub-groups. Between 1985 and 2000, the Joint Liaison Group held 47 plenary sessions, 18 in Hong Kong, 15 in London and 14 in Beijing. The agreement signed in 1984 was to last until 2047. One of the most important achievements has been to ensure the continuity of the independent judicial system in Hong Kong, including agreements in the areas of commercial navigation, civil aviation, nuclear materials, whale fishing, underwater telegraph, space and many others.

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